Error loading information. You can try again.
Subscribe to official activity and votes on this bill, notices of upcoming hearings, and when it's coming to the floor.
Justice Exists for All of Us Act of 2012
H.R. 5947, Introduced in House on by Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee (D-TX)
1.Short titleThis Act may be cited as the Justice Exists for All of Us Act of 2012.
2.State stand your ground laws and Neighborhood Watch registration
(a)In generalFor each fiscal year after the expiration of the period of implementation specified in subsection (b), a State shall—
(1)not have in effect throughout the State any law or policy that allows a person to use deadly force when such person is threatened that does not impose a duty to retreat before using such force in any place where such person is lawfully present (commonly known as stand your ground laws), except that a State may have in place a law or policy that permits a victim of domestic violence to use deadly force when such victim is threatened and does not impose a duty to on the victim to retreat before using such force in any place where such victim is lawfully present; and
(2)have in effect throughout the State laws and policies that make it unlawful to establish, organize, operate, or participate in a Neighborhood Watch program unless such program is registered with—
(A)the local law enforcement agency that has jurisdiction over the neighborhood in which the program is located; and
(B)the Department of Justice, in accordance with regulations promulgated by the Attorney General.
(b)Period for implementation by States
(1)DeadlineEach State shall implement this section before 3 years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
(2)ExtensionsThe Attorney General may authorize up to two 1-year extensions of the deadline in paragraph (1).
(c)Failure of State To comply
(1)In generalFor any fiscal year after the end of the period for implementation under subsection (b), a State that fails, as determined by the Attorney General, to substantially implement this section shall not receive 20 percent of the funds that would otherwise be allocated for that fiscal year to the State under subpart 1 of part E of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3750 et seq.).
(A)In generalWhen evaluating whether a State has substantially implemented this section, the Attorney General shall consider whether the State is unable to substantially implement this section because of a demonstrated inability to implement certain provisions that would place the State in violation of its constitution, as determined by a ruling of the State's highest court.
(B)EffortsIf the circumstances arise under subparagraph (A), then the Attorney General and the State shall make good faith efforts to accomplish substantial implementation of this section and to reconcile any conflicts between this section and the State's constitution. In considering whether compliance with the requirements of this section would likely violate the State's constitution or an interpretation thereof by the State's highest court, the Attorney General shall consult with the chief executive and chief legal officer of the State concerning the State's interpretation of the State's constitution and rulings thereon by the State's highest court.
(C)Alternative proceduresIf the State is unable to substantially implement this section because of a limitation imposed by the State's constitution, the Attorney General may determine that the State is in compliance with this Act if the State has implemented, or is in the process of implementing, reasonable alternative procedures or accommodations that are consistent with the purposes of this Act.
(D)Funding reductionIf a State does not comply with subparagraph (C), then the State shall be subject to a funding reduction as specified in paragraph (1).
(3)ReallocationAmounts not allocated under subpart 1 of part E of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3750 et seq.) to a State for failure to substantially implement this section shall be reallocated under such subpart to States that have not failed to substantially implement this section or may be reallocated to a State from which they were withheld to be used solely for the purpose of implementing this section.
(d)Definition of StateIn this section the term State shall have the meaning given such term in section 901(a) of Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3791(a) et seq.).